The Australian Wine Authority will produce a report on the situation of the winemaking season of the year in conjunction with other Australian wine industry associations and organizations at this time of the year, and this year’s 2020 report (2020 National Vintage Report) has been officially announced on Tuesday, July 7 . Read this report carefully and you will find many intriguing details.
Detail 1: The division of labor in the industry is clear. More than 60% of the wine grapes used in the winery are purchased from the grape farmers
According to the report data, the total production of Australian wine grapes this year was 1.52 million tons, a 12% decline from the same period in 2019 and 13% lower than the average level in the past decade. Of these 1.52 million tons, more than 920,000 tons of wine grapes were sold to wineries by grape growers, which means that more than 60% of the wine grapes are not grown by winery companies. The data also reflects the Australian wine industry. Structure. According to the report, about 20% of winery companies do not grow grapes at all, and all are purchased from fruit farmers.
(Picture: Wine Australia)
Detail 2: The most famous production area, Barossa Valley, accounts for only 2% of the total production
Speaking of wine regions in Australia, the most famous is Barossa. But the Barossa Valley only contributed about 2% of Australia’s total wine grape production this year, while the Barossa Valley’s vineyards accounted for 8% of Australia’s total vineyards. Concentration is the essence!
Riverland, Murray Darling-Swan Hill, and Riverina of the three mega-production regions contributed about 34%, 25%, and 20% of the total output respectively. The three production regions together accounted for 79% of the total output of Australia! The vineyard area of these three producing areas only accounts for 38% of the total area of vineyards in Australia.
All three production areas are located in the Murray River Basin, which shows the importance of the Murray River to the Australian wine industry. Because the Murray River provides sufficient irrigation water, the arid inland can grow grapes and ensure a relatively stable annual production.
Detail 3: Drought is the biggest problem
This year’s production cuts many industry insiders even anticipated nine months ago. Drought is the most common cause of the 2020 wine season’s production cuts. According to the reported data, only 3% of wine grapes were lost due to fire. In addition, some areas also suffered irresistible disasters such as hail and frost. In this regard, in addition to the hope that this year, there will be more rain and less adverse weather disasters, many people in the industry have also tried to deal with the increasing climate change every year by cultivating new strains and other technical means.
Multiple factors such as the increase in the price of irrigation water in the wine season and the reduction in production and the increase in demand in the international market have also caused the average price of wine grapes to be bought and sold.
Detail 4: What interesting changes have taken place in the wine varieties grown in Australia?
This year’s red grape production accounted for 55%, white grapes accounted for 45%, and the proportion of red grapes has increased. Syrah is still the well-deserved first variety, accounting for about 25% of the total production of wine grapes, but the output of most varieties this year is lower than last year. The data is not listed one by one, but there are two varieties that deserve attention.
One is Prosecco, which has achieved a small increase in the production of all grape varieties. In fact, Prosecco sparkling wine has been showing very strong growth in Australia in recent years.
The other is Durif, which has increased by 9% year-on-year this year, and its output has surpassed Grenache. It must be known that Grenache was originally the largest variety in Australia decades ago. The export volume of Australian Durif increased by 22% year-on-year this year, and as many as 34% of Australian Durif exports went to the US market.
It can be seen that these two varieties are the new stars of the Australian wine industry. The growth of Prosecco is mainly due to the change in consumer tastes in recent years. Their interest in sparkling wine is more obvious. At the same time, Prosecco is easy to drink and affordable, and the prospects are expected in the future. The year will be brighter.
Durif, widely planted in the northeastern part of Victoria, is a hybrid of Syrah grapes and Peloursin grapes. It inherits the thick and stable taste of Syrah, but it is more overall, gentle and capable of wine body structure. Maintain your sense of balance in areas with high temperatures.
In general, this year’s Australian wine season has been extremely bumpy after experiencing extreme weather and epidemics, and the annual output is also the lowest level in 10 years as expected. But as a wine lover, the “speciality” of this vintage makes me curious and even expects the quality of the wine.
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